Human perception involves many features like contours, shapes, textures, and colors to name a few. Whereas several geometric models for contours, shapes and textures perception have been proposed, the geometry of color perception has received very little attention, possibly due to the fact that our perception of colors is still not fully understood. Nonetheless, there exists a class of mathematical models, gathered under the name Retinex, that aim at modeling the color perception of an image, that are inspired by psychophysical/physiological knowledge about color perception, and that can geometrically be viewed as the averaging of perceptual distances between image pixels.

Some of the Retinex models turn out to be associated to an ecient image processing technique for the correction of camera output images.

The aim of this paper is to show that this image processing technique can be improved by including more properties of the human visual system. To that purpose, we rst present a generalization of the perceptual distance between image pixels by considering the parallel transport map associated to a covariant derivative on a vector bundle, and from which can be derived a new image processing model for color images correction. Then, we show that the family of covariant derivatives constructed in [T. Batard and N. Sochen, J. Math. Imaging Vision, 48(3) (2014), pp. 517-543] can model some color appearance phenomena related to brightness perception. Finally, we conduct experiments in which we show that the image processing techniques induced by these covariant derivatives outperform the original

approach.

%B *Accepted* in Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision
%G eng
%0 Conference Paper
%B Proceedings of International Conference on Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision (SSVM-2013), Austria
%D 2013
%T Generalized Gradient on Vector Bundle - Application to Image Denoising
%A Thomas Batard
%A Marcelo BertalmÃo
%X We introduce a gradient operator that generalizes the Euclidean and Riemannian gradients. This operator acts on sections of vector bundles and is determined by three geometric data: a Riemannian metric on the base manifold, a Riemannian metric and a covariant derivative on the vector bundle. Under the assumption that the covariant derivative is compatible with the metric of the vector bundle, we consider the problems of minimizing the L2 and L1 norms of the gradient. In the L2 case, the gradient descent for reaching the solutions is a heat equation of a differential operator of order two called connection Laplacian. We present an application to color image denoising by replacing the regularizing term in the Rudin-Osher-Fatemi (ROF) denoising model by the L1 norm of a generalized gradient associated with a well-chosen covariant derivative. Experiments are validated by computations of the PSNR and Q-index.

%B Proceedings of International Conference on Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision (SSVM-2013), Austria %8 June, 2013 %G eng